Friday, August 16, 2013

The Holy Spirit – A Brief Introduction

The Holy Spirit – A Brief  Introduction

He – not  it -  is the oft neglected third Member of the Trinity.  Many of us are guilty of ignorance of who He is and of what He does.  Not knowing these things makes it harder for us to properly relate to, respect, receive from and respond to Him. 

First, we need to understand that He is a PERSON.  He is no mere force or power of the Divine.  His personality is seen in the way He relates to others and the way we are to relate to Him.  We see in Scripture that He can be grieved and lied to. He prays for us, and guides us.  See
John 14:26, 16:13; Acts 5:1-5; Romans 8:26-27; Ephesians 4:30.

Next, we need to realize that He is DIVINE.  He is fully a member of the Trinity.  He is God just as much as the Father and the Son are God.  Irrefutable evidence of this is seen in the things He can do and the freedoms He has.  For instance, we see that He has all knowledge, and power, and is ever present.  See 1 Corinthians 2:10-11; Acts 5:3-4; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Psalm 139:7; John 14:17; Matthew 28:19.

         Seeing some of who He is, let us examine what He does, His roles.  This is seen to be different in two distinct periods.  The dividing point is the Day of Pentecost seen in Acts 2.  Prior to His coming to all that trust in Christ, He operated in a much different way.  Scripture tells us He was present in Creation and in all life giving.  We also see that He dwelt or came upon people as opposed to in people.  This was a temporal ministry for some special task or job that needed to be done.

          Remember the case of Saul and David in 1 Samuel 16?  Here we see God's Spirit leave Saul and then come upon the newly anointed King David.  The Spirit is referred to prophetically in the Old Testament and in the Gospels prior to Jesus' ascension.  Joel 2 gives an example of the promise of the general outpouring of the Holy Spirit to be given.  Peter later shows this is fulfilled in the Day of Pentecost.  See Genesis 1:2, 26, 6:3; Judges 3:10, 11:29, 16:20; Psalm 51:11; John 7:39; Luke 1:15, 41, 57; Joel 2:28-32; Acts 2:1-21; John 13-16. 

What is the present role of the Holy Spirit?  The fact that He is continually called the HOLY Spirit is another clear indication of His deity.  Who alone is inherently holy but God?  His present role is quite different from what we have already seen.  We see that He now comes INTO, not upon, ALL who trust in Jesus alone for salvation, and brings about the new birth.  He dwells in us from the very moment we receive Jesus, and is completely present.  

 He makes us part of the Body of Christ, the Church, and gifts us to serve.  He seals and secures us until Jesus comes for us or we go to be with Him at death.  He longs to control, guide and teach us truth from God's word, which He had written by committed men.  He is ever present in all believers and seeks to develop Christ-likeness in us.  See John 3:5-6, 14:16-17, 26, 16:12-13; 1 Corinthians 2:4-16, 12:13; Galatians 5:16-25; Ephesians 1:13-14, 4:30, 5:18-21; 2 Corinthians 3:17-18; 2 Timothy 3:16-17; 1 Corinthian 12-14; Ephesians 4-5.

The Holy Spirit – A  Biblical Investigation

Man and machine differ greatly! Living Beings can do many things inanimate (lifeless) machines cannot do. Read each of these passages and list the things you see the Holy Spirit doing that no machine or mere force could do (no, not even a Mac or PC)? Which attributes or characteristics of person-hood are seen?

v  Ephesians 4:30

v  Acts 5:3-4

v  Romans 8:26-27

v  John 14:26

v  John 16:13

v  1 Corinthians 2:9-12


What are some of the things the Holy Spirit does according to these verses?

v  John 16:8

v  John 3:5-6

v  John 14:16-17

v  1 Corinthians 12:13

v  John 14:26

v  John 16:12-13

v  Acts 1:8

Note how we are to relate to the Spirit:

v  He is to continually ___________________________________________.  (Ephesians 5:18)

v  We are to allow his ________________________ to be developed and seen in our lives,

and to __________________________ by His power. (Galatians 5:22-23, 25)

Kerry S. Doyal - Pastor
               Fellowship  (an EFCA)

Sarver, PA   -

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